In this lecture course, students are introduced to art in Florence and Tuscany from the early 11th century to the end of the 14th century. Students will examine the most important architectural monuments of the Romanesque and Gothic eras in the cities of Pisa, Siena, and Florence. Students will study the work of key sculptors like Nicola and Giovanni Pisano. They will also explore the evolution in painting from Byzantine models to Giotto's Proto-Renaissance style. In addition to the aesthetic and stylistic qualities of the works, students will study the historical, political, and religious context in which the artists made their work as a means to allow for a greater understanding of the works themselves.